May 23, 2022
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What Is 2003 Ceasefire Agreement

“That`s why this ceasefire was a success and also had a very positive impact on the situation in Jammu and Kashmir – militancy decreased because there was a dialogue between [then Pakistani President Pervez] Musharraf and [then Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari] Vajpayee,” she said. The agreement reached between them entered into force the night before, after ceasefire violations in the LoC ended at midnight on 24 and 25 February. “Well, what are the next steps that will follow, it`s too early to tell because relationships have gone through such a bad time,” he said. “You have to be attentive and not be too optimistic or too pessimistic.” Shimla Accord, 1972: After the liberation war in Bangladesh in 1971, this agreement was concluded. The two countries have agreed to settle their differences bilaterally under this agreement. The Armistice Line was replaced by the Line of Control as a result of the Agreement (LoC). (Accordingly, the position of the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan in monitoring the ceasefire line is no longer relevant. Pakistan, on the other hand, continues to deny this.) The buffer zone is not included in this Agreement. [3] DGMOs of India and Pakistan agree on the full implementation of the 2003 Ceasefire Pact, The Wire, 29 May 2018, thewire.in/diplomacy/india-pak-2003-ceasefire-pact [2] Prabhash K Dutta, What led to an Indo-Pakistani ceasefire in LoC and will it last long?, India Today, 26 February 2021, “In addition, India wants to be a player in the global world, and I think somewhere the Kashmir issue holds it in one way or another. I think the ceasefire is the bare minimum they could accept with Pakistan.

As National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval is supposed to play a key role, India has reduced border tensions with China and Pakistan – withdrawal and ceasefire from Ladakh. The head of the Indian army, General MM Naravane, spoke of the “advice” given by Doval to reach a withdrawal agreement with China. While the withdrawal from Ladakh offers greater hope for peace to the Line of Effective Control (ALC), it is the Line of Control (LoC) with Pakistan that will be more at the center of attention. “We don`t know anything at the moment, and we don`t have much confidence [in the ceasefire].” Regarding demilitarized zones: Under the Karachi agreement, both sides had agreed that no troops would be stationed within 500 meters of the ceasefire line, but later this rule was repeatedly violated by both sides. A new ceasefire agreement should bring this down and extend the demilitarized zone to 100 meters so that ceasefire violations are less damaging. On 3 May 2021, Pakistan again broke the ceasefire agreement [6] by opening unprovoked fire in the Ramgarh sector. While this is the first case of violation after the February 2021 agreement, it remains to be seen how the two countries will maintain the pact, as it took just over two months to harm it in spirit. This raises the question of whether the renewed ceasefire can last or whether it will take little time for tensions between the two countries to resume. There has been no direct official response from the Indian side to all of Pakistan`s offers to formalize the ceasefire. To Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif`s four-point offer, which included formalizing the 2003 ceasefire offer, Indian Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj`s response was negative. On the same occasion, she said: “We don`t need four points, we only need one – to abandon terrorism.” Similarly, in response to the proposal by Abdul Basit, the head of India`s largest opposition Congress, PC Chacko blamed Pakistan for the violations, saying Pakistan must “show sincerity” before calling for the ceasefire to be formalized. The ceasefire was originally established in November 2003 to stabilize the situation on the de facto border between the two countries in disputed Kashmir.

In a first joint statement issued by the two sides in years, India and Pakistan said on Thursday that they had agreed to “strictly abide by all agreements, arrangements and cessation of fires along the Line of Control (LoC) and all other sectors” from midnight on February 24 and 25 (Wednesday). The decision was announced on February 22 after discussions between the Directors General of Military Operations (DGsMO) via the hotline set up. [1] Rahul Singh, Pak resorted to the highest number of border violations just before the LoC ceasefire, Hindustan Times, 15. As of March 2021, Pakistan, for its part, claims that India violated the ceasefire at least 3,097 times in 2020, killing 28 civilians and wounding 257 others. With regard to the joint dispute settlement commissions in the event of violations of the armistice, the mechanism for the withdrawal of troops followed at the end of 1965 can be adopted with some necessary modifications. Under the 22 January 1966 Agreement on the Withdrawal of Troops, India and Pakistan had agreed that “in all cases where shelling takes place on the other side of the border, it shall be investigated on the ground by a joint team of border personnel on both sides within 24 hours of the occurrence. The brigade commanders/DIG responsible for this investigation are named by name and by sector. Another significance of the agreement is that the Pakistani government has cooperated with India, although it has set the conditions that it will not do so until India lifts the annexation of occupied Kashmir and puts an end to human rights violations. In recent years, the Kashmir region between India and Pakistan has experienced nearly 2,000 violations [1] of the Ceasefire Agreement (CFA) between the two countries in 2003.

These violations not only have the potential to trigger a bilateral military, diplomatic and political crisis, but can also exacerbate tense situations, especially after terrorist attacks. Apart from the Mumbai terror attack in 2008 and a separate attack on an Indian army base in Uri, Kashmir, in September 2016, ceasefire violations have been the most common source of confrontation between New Delhi and Islamabad over the past decade. The 2003 ceasefire agreement remains an important milestone, as it brought peace along the LoC until 2006. Between 2003 and 2006, not a single bullet was fired by the Jawans of India and Pakistan. The 2003 ceasefire agreement was remembered as a turning point because it brought peace to the LoC until 2006. Between 2003 and 2006, the military of the two countries did not shoot each other once. Since 2006, however, ceasefire violations have become increasingly frequent. More than 2,000 ceasefire violations were reported in 2018 [2]. Ceasefire violations increased to more than 3,400 in 2019 and more than 5,000 in 2020.

Since 2006, there have been more than 14,000 ceasefire violations. Yet India and Pakistan have no choice but to negotiate their differences sooner or later. In this context, some hopes for a quick start to peace talks were raised when the national security advisers of India and Pakistan met in Bangkok on December 26, 2017 for “secret” talks. But those hopes were quickly dashed as ceasefire violations along the LOC continued at the same pace in the new year. The leaders of the two countries must understand that the first item on the agenda of their next meeting must be the formalization of the 2003 ceasefire, as it will further jeopardize the future of the peace process if it is still not resolved. There is a hotline between the Indian and Pakistani armies. Officers with the rank of major often talk to each other. Brigade officers talk from time to time. But DGMOs speak very “rarely”. It happened this time and an agreement was reached, the two sides officially claimed.

“India wants normal neighbourly relations with Pakistan. We have always maintained that we are determined to resolve issues, if any, bilaterally peacefully,” Foreign Ministry (MEA) spokesman Anurag Srivastava said when asked about the timing of the deal, which comes days after India and China announced a withdrawal along the Line of Real Control (LAC). “On key issues, our position remains unchanged,” he added. www.indiatoday.in/news-analysis/story/what-led-to-india-pakistan-ceasefire-at-loc-and-will-it-hold-for-long-1773379-2021-02-26 In 2018, more than 2,000 ceasefire violations were recorded. The number of ceasefire violations rose to more than 3,400 in 2019 and more than 5,000 in 2020. In total, more than 14,000 ceasefire violations have occurred since 2006. By 2021, Pakistan has already violated the ceasefire nearly 600 times. On Tuesday, India`s Foreign Ministry announced that the ceasefire was reached at a weekly meeting between senior Pakistani and Indian military officials. .